Proposed Free SHS Bill to Make SHS Certification Primary in Ghana


Updated: 5:21 PM, Mon July 01, 2024

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The proposed Free SHS bill, which is yet to be brought before parliament, aims to eliminate the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) as a requirement for entering secondary school, as reported by

The bill seeks to restructure the education system by separating junior high school (JHS) from basic school and integrating it into a six-year secondary education framework. Instead, the BECE will be used solely for school selection purposes.

Dr. Adutwum explained that upon passing the bill, SHS certification will become the first formal academic qualification in the country, replacing the current BECE certification.

The minister emphasized that this restructuring would ensure a continuous six-year secondary education, with new schools co-locating JHS and SHS students on the same campuses. Existing schools with both JHS and SHS students will continue this practice, similar to the old system where students from ordinary and advanced levels studied together.

Dr. Adutwum noted that the bill seeks to revive a system akin to the old Middle School and Secondary School relationship, where the Common Entrance Examination was used for school selection, and the Hall Examination served for certification for either employment or further education.

During an interaction with journalists, Dr. Adutwum highlighted the importance of legislating Free SHS. He noted that while the current policy is not mandatory, future governments might discontinue it if they deem it unnecessary.

We need a law that ensures free, compulsory universal secondary education. This means the minimum education for Ghanaians should be senior high school, not junior high school, he stressed.

The 1992 Constitution already guarantees free compulsory universal basic education (FCUBE). The proposed bill aims to extend this guarantee to secondary education, aligning with Article 38, which mandates the state to provide educational facilities at all levels and ensure access for all citizens.

Dr. Adutwum pointed out that due to the Free SHS policy, more than 505,000 students enrolled in their first year this year, marking the highest enrollment in the country’s history. However, he expressed concern that some students, not yet of working age, opt out of continuing to SHS. The minister argued that mandating secondary education would prevent such students from becoming vulnerable to crime and other societal issues.

The minister praised the positive impact of Free SHS in the northern regions, where transition rates from JHS to SHS are significantly higher than in the southern regions. For instance, the Northern Region has a 95% transition rate, compared to the Volta Region’s 66%.

Majority Leader Alexander Afenyo-Markin challenged the Minority in Parliament to clarify their stance on the Free SHS legislation.

He announced that the Free SHS Bill had received Executive approval and would soon be introduced to Parliament.

In response, Minority Leader Dr. Cassiel Ato Forson stated that the Minority Caucus has not opposed the bill and urged the government to expedite its presentation to Parliament.

Dr. Forson reiterated that the Minority supports policies aimed at sustaining and improving the Free SHS initiative.

While the Free SHS policy has benefited over 3.04 million students since its inception in 2017, it has also faced criticism regarding issues such as feeding, accommodation, long vacations, and uncertainties in the SHS academic calendar.

Some educationists and think tanks have called for a review of the policy to address these challenges and ensure sustainable funding.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to the Above News

What is the proposed Free SHS bill in Ghana?**

The proposed Free SHS bill aims to eliminate the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) as a requirement for entering secondary school and restructure the education system by integrating junior high school (JHS) into a six-year secondary education framework. **

How will the proposed bill impact the certification system in Ghana?**

If passed, the bill will make SHS certification the primary formal academic qualification in the country, replacing the current BECE certification. **

What are the benefits of mandating secondary education in Ghana?**

Mandating secondary education would ensure universal access to senior high school, prevent students from opting out before the legal working age, and help address societal issues and vulnerabilities. **

What is the status of the Free SHS bill in Parliament?**

The Free SHS bill has received Executive approval and is set to be introduced to Parliament soon. The Minority Caucus has expressed support for the legislation and urged the government to expedite its presentation. **

How has the Free SHS policy impacted enrollment and transition rates in Ghana?**

The Free SHS policy has led to the highest enrollment in the country's history, with over 505,000 students entering their first year of SHS. Transition rates from JHS to SHS are significantly higher in the northern regions compared to the southern regions. **

What are some challenges faced by the Free SHS policy in Ghana?**

Challenges include issues related to feeding, accommodation, long vacations, uncertainties in the SHS academic calendar, and calls for sustainable funding and policy review by educationists and think tanks.

Please note that the FAQs provided on this page are based on the news article published. While we strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, it is always recommended to consult relevant authorities or professionals before making any decisions or taking action based on the FAQs or the news article.

Kavya Kapoor
Kavya Kapoor
Kavya Kapoor is a dedicated author at The Reportify who explores the realm of education. With a focus on learning, innovation, and educational developments, Kavya brings you insightful articles and valuable resources in the Education category. She can be reached at for any inquiries or further information.

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