The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a core package of 13 interventions to guide countries in developing, implementing, and monitoring national action plans on antimicrobial resistance (AMR). These interventions address the needs and barriers faced by people and patients when accessing healthcare services, with a people-centered approach to AMR.
AMR is a global issue that is responsible for approximately 1.27 million deaths worldwide in 2019. If not addressed, AMR could result in significant economic consequences, with an estimated cost of US$100 trillion to the world’s economy by 2050. While over 170 countries have developed national action plans on AMR, implementation remains fragmented and siloed, requiring greater political commitment and investment.
Building on the Global Action Plan for AMR, the WHO’s people-centered approach and core package aim to shift the narrative of AMR to prioritize the needs of individuals and address systemic barriers. The package seeks to enhance AMR awareness and understanding among policy-makers and the general public. It also supports a comprehensive response to AMR at the country level, underscoring the importance of equitable and affordable access to quality healthcare services for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of drug-resistant infections.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to the Above News
What is the World Health Organization (WHO) core package of interventions for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) action plans?
The WHO core package of interventions is a set of 13 practical measures released by the WHO to guide countries in developing, implementing, and monitoring national action plans on antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
Why is AMR considered a global issue?
AMR is considered a global issue because it is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. It is responsible for approximately 1.27 million deaths in 2019 and has associated 4.95 million deaths. If left unaddressed, AMR could have significant economic consequences, estimated to cost the world's economy US$100 trillion by 2050.
How many countries have developed national action plans on AMR?
Over 170 countries have developed national action plans on AMR.
What are the challenges in implementing national action plans on AMR?
The implementation of national action plans on AMR remains fragmented and siloed, requiring greater political commitment and investment.
What approach does the WHO core package take towards AMR?
The WHO core package takes a people-centered approach to AMR, placing the needs of people and addressing system barriers at the center. It aims to enhance awareness and understanding of AMR among policy-makers and the general public and supports a comprehensive and programmatic response at the country level.
Who are the stakeholders involved in the development and implementation of national action plans on AMR?
The stakeholders involved in the development and implementation of national action plans on AMR include civil society organizations, community organizations, the private sector, and academia. The aim is to involve multiple stakeholders and promote a coordinated response.
How does the core package integrate AMR response into primary healthcare and emergency preparedness efforts?
The core package highlights opportunities for integrating AMR response into primary healthcare policies and programs, as well as health emergency preparedness and response efforts. This ensures that actions on AMR are efficient, sustainable, and integrated with broader health sector programs.
What is the goal of the people-centered approach in the core package?
The goal of the people-centered approach is to ensure equitable and affordable access to preventive services, timely diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and care for resistant infections. It aims to reduce the impact of AMR on patients in terms of morbidity and mortality while contributing to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
What is the significance of the WHO's release of the core package of interventions?
The release of the core package of interventions by the WHO marks a significant step towards addressing the global challenge of AMR and promoting a coordinated and comprehensive response. It provides practical guidance for countries in developing and implementing effective action plans to tackle AMR.
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